According to existingcountries, Kittery, Maine is a picturesque town located in York County, on the southern coast of the state. Known for its rich history, charming architecture, and stunning natural beauty, Kittery offers a diverse geography that attracts locals and tourists alike.
Situated at the mouth of the Piscataqua River, Kittery is bordered by the neighboring towns of Eliot and York. The town covers an area of approximately 18 square miles, with a combination of coastal plains, rolling hills, and dense forests.
The most prominent geographical feature of Kittery is its extensive coastline along the Atlantic Ocean. The shoreline stretches for about 5 miles and is characterized by sandy beaches, rocky cliffs, and picturesque coves. The coast offers breathtaking views of the ocean and is a popular destination for beachgoers, boaters, and nature enthusiasts.
Inland from the coast, Kittery’s terrain transitions into rolling hills and meandering rivers. The town is intersected by several waterways, including the Piscataqua River, Spruce Creek, and Chauncey Creek. These rivers not only add to the scenic beauty of the area but also offer opportunities for fishing, boating, and kayaking.
Kittery also boasts a diverse range of flora and fauna, thanks to its varied geography. The coastal areas are home to salt marshes, dunes, and grassy plains, providing habitats for a variety of plant and animal species. The town’s forests are predominantly composed of oak, pine, and maple trees, creating a vibrant foliage during the fall season.
Within Kittery, there are several notable landmarks and natural attractions. One such landmark is Fort McClary, a historic fort dating back to the early 19th century, which offers panoramic views of the river and ocean. Another popular spot is Whaleback Light, a historic lighthouse located on a rocky island just off the coast of Kittery Point. This iconic structure has guided ships along the coast since the 19th century and is a beloved symbol of the town.
Kittery’s geography also plays a significant role in its economy. The town is well-known for its thriving shipbuilding industry, which has been a vital part of its history since colonial times. The geography of Kittery, with its proximity to the river and access to the Atlantic Ocean, has made it an ideal location for shipbuilding and maritime trade.
In conclusion, Kittery, Maine offers a diverse and captivating geography that combines coastal beauty, rolling hills, and lush forests. Its stunning coastline, meandering rivers, and historic landmarks make it a haven for nature lovers, history enthusiasts, and those seeking outdoor adventures. Whether you’re exploring the sandy beaches, hiking through the forests, or enjoying the charm of its historic sites, Kittery’s geography offers a unique and unforgettable experience for visitors and residents alike.
History, Economy and Politics of Kittery, Maine
Kittery, Maine, is a historic town located in the southeastern corner of the state. With a rich history, a diverse economy, and a unique political landscape, Kittery has played a significant role in shaping the region’s development over the years.
The history of Kittery dates back to the early 17th century when it was settled by English fishermen and merchants. It is widely recognized as one of the oldest continuously inhabited towns in the state. Throughout the colonial period, Kittery played a crucial role in maritime trade and shipbuilding. It was a hub for the construction of sailing vessels, including the famous USS Constitution, also known as “Old Ironsides.” The shipbuilding industry thrived in Kittery, bringing prosperity and economic growth to the town.
Today, Kittery’s economy is a vibrant mix of traditional industries and modern businesses. The town is well-known for its outlet shopping, drawing visitors from all over New England. Kittery boasts a wide range of retail stores, including high-end designer brands, making it a popular destination for shoppers looking for great deals. The outlet malls contribute significantly to the local economy, providing employment opportunities and generating tax revenue for the town.
In addition to retail, Kittery has a strong presence in the defense industry. The Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, located on an island across the Piscataqua River, is a major employer in the area. The shipyard has a long history, dating back to the early 1800s, and continues to be a vital part of the town’s economy. It specializes in the maintenance, repair, and modernization of nuclear-powered submarines, serving as a crucial asset for the United States Navy.
Kittery’s political landscape is characterized by a strong sense of community and civic engagement. The town operates under a council-manager form of government, where an elected town council sets policies and hires a professional manager to oversee the day-to-day operations. This system ensures a balance between representative democracy and professional administration.
The town’s political climate is influenced by its history of shipbuilding and defense. Issues related to the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, such as defense spending and national security, are of significant importance to the community. Local leaders work closely with federal representatives and military officials to advocate for the shipyard and its continued operations.
Furthermore, Kittery is known for its commitment to sustainability and environmental stewardship. The town has implemented various initiatives to protect its natural resources, promote renewable energy, and reduce carbon emissions. Kittery encourages recycling, supports local agriculture, and invests in energy-efficient infrastructure. These efforts reflect the town’s dedication to preserving its scenic beauty and ensuring a sustainable future for generations to come.
In conclusion, Kittery, Maine, is a town with a rich history, a diverse economy, and a unique political landscape. From its early days as a shipbuilding center to its present-day prominence in retail and defense industries, Kittery has continuously evolved and adapted to the changing times. The town’s commitment to sustainability and its strong sense of community make it a desirable place to live, work, and visit. With its blend of historical charm and modern amenities, Kittery remains a vibrant and thriving community in the heart of coastal Maine.