Rome captivates thoughtfully and gradually, deeply and forever. The way a great city with a great history can enchant. In Rome, everything seems familiar – from names to names, and how could it be otherwise, when illustrations for entire volumes of books on history and art literally come to life here: the Colosseum, the Capitoline Hills, the Roman Forum, the Trevi Fountain, the Spanish Steps, the Pantheon, the Vatican and along with them – Michelangelo, Raphael, Julius Caesar, Octavian and many others. But Rome captivates not only with the grandeur of history, architecture and art, represented by several millennia. Rome is so much more. These are narrow streets, spacious squares and picturesque parks, these are chic hotels located in old palazzos, gourmet restaurants and cozy street cafes, these are fashionable designer boutiques, small shops and huge outlets,
Geography and location
Rome – the capital of Italy, the administrative center of the province of Rome and the region of Lazio, is located on the banks of the Tiber River, in a valley descending from the Apennines to the Tyrrhenian Sea, 25 km from the sea and the mountain range. The population of Rome, together with the suburbs (including the city of Fiumicino, which actually merged with it), is about 4 million people.
As you know, Rome is spread over seven hills. Initially, the city was located on the central hill of the Palatine, which is surrounded by hills: from the south – Aventine, from the northwest – the Capitol, from the north and northeast – Quirinal, Viminal, Cispius and Oppy (the last two are united by the name Esquiline) and in the southeast Caelius rises.
Rome has a subtropical Mediterranean climate, with fairly long and hot summers and mild rainy winters with occasional frosts and snowfalls.
Average annual air temperature (°C):
“Romulus said: “Here will be a city.” “The city is like the sun,” Rem answered… According to legend, Rome was founded in 753 BC. it was them – the brothers Romulus and Remus. The first king of Rome was Romulus, who was succeeded by seven subsequent kings. And it was the era of Ancient Rome, when the city reached an unprecedented prosperity. Ancient Rome was replaced by Republican Rome. The central square of Rome was the Forum – the valley between the Palatine and Quirinal hills. In 510-30 years. BC e. Rome was ruled by consuls, and from 27 BC, starting with Octavian Augustus, and further until 476 AD. e., the rulers of Rome were emperors.
By the 7th century Rome becomes the ecclesiastical and political center of Western Europe and in 756 the capital of the Papal States. In the XIII century. Rome established the secular power of the church. In the era of the XV-XVI centuries. Rome was the largest center of the Renaissance, the place where Raphael and Michelangelo worked. In 1870, Rome was included in Italy, and in 1871 it was declared the capital of the Italian kingdom. Today Rome is a city-museum, the cradle of priceless world monuments of history, architecture and culture.
Speaking of Rome, it is impossible not to mention the Vatican – the smallest in the world, but very rich and powerful sovereign state, located on the territory of the Eternal City. The residence of the Pope and the center of Catholicism. The name of the state comes from the name of the hill Mom Vaticanus, which in Latin vaticinia means “place of divination.” The Vatican, declared an official state on February 11, 1929 on the basis of the Lateran Accords, today occupies 44 hectares and is located on the right bank of the Tiber River, on the Vatican Hill in the northwestern part of Rome. On the territory of the Vatican is the famous St. Peter’s Basilica, papal palaces and gardens, the Lateran Palace and the country residence of the Pope. At the same time, tourists can get into the Vatican through three entrances: through the Vatican Museum, St. Peter’s Square and the Campane Arch.
Restaurants in Rome
Italian cuisine is not only excellent dishes, but also a special atmosphere of the places where they are served. There are an incredible number of restaurants in Rome, but there are those that have gained well-deserved fame both among the Romans and among the guests of the city:
La Rosetta (Via della Rosetta) – opened near the Pantheon, dates back to 1753. Sicilian style restaurant specializing in fish and seafood delicacies. The owner of the establishment – he is also a chef – Carmelo Ricioli worked as an operator with Federico Fellini and is the author of the Italian recipe book “A Cena con gli Dei.”
La Pergola is a chic gourmet restaurant located on the top floor of the Hilton Hotel, one of the best restaurants in Rome, awarded with three Michelin stars.
La Terrazza (Via Ludovisi) – located in the Hotel Eden, a superb Mediterranean restaurant awarded two Michelin stars.
Tre Scalini (piazza Navona) is a sophisticated gastronomic restaurant and bar. It is famous throughout the city for its “tartufo” – chocolate ice cream with truffles and whipped cream.
Antica Pesa (via Garibaldi 18) is an avant-garde-style restaurant-museum decorated with paintings by avant-garde artists. Offers excellent cuisine and original surroundings. The restaurant was Ford Coppola’s favorite spot while filming The Godfather 3 in 1989.
Il Gusto (P-zza Augusto Imperatore) – one of the most stylish and fashionable restaurants in Rome, in addition to elegant design, exquisite dishes of modern Italian cuisine, a rich wine list, the restaurant offers a visit to the original gift shop.
Porto di Ripetta (Via di Ripetta, 250) – located in the center of Rome, an elegant restaurant serving fish delicacies and an excellent selection of fine wines.
Ristorante Cesarina (Via Piemonte, 109) is a traditional Roman restaurant located next to Piazza Venezia.
Ristorante Le Grondici (Via Del Mortaro, 14 M) – an elegant Italian restaurant next to the Trevi Fountain, live Italian folk music sounds in the evening.
Quinzi and Gabrieli (Via delle Coppelle 5-6) is an exquisite restaurant with 18th-century hand-painted walls and delicious freshly caught seafood and fish dishes.