Tours to Turkey are so attractive for travelers from Moscow and other regions that booking tours is relevant throughout the year. The secret of this popularity is very simple: holidays in Turkey are the cleanest beaches and gentle sea, affordable prices for hotels and many restaurants with cuisines from all over the world, the best excursion program and incendiary nightlife.
All types of water and beach recreation, the Uludag ski resort near Bursa, sightseeing tours with sightseeing of cultural and historical sights, excellent shopping at attractive prices and the friendliness of the local population allow Turkey to take a leading position in the list of countries with the most developed tourism infrastructure from year to year.
The Republic of Turkey is a unique state formation that simultaneously lies both in Europe and in Asia. This duality is noticeable in all aspects of Turkish life. The border between Europe and Asia runs through the Bosphorus, the Sea of Marmara and the Dardanelles. Brilliant Istanbul, the capital of several empires, stretches on two banks of the Bosporus – this is the only city that can be called both European and Asian at the same time. A small European part of Turkey is called Eastern Thrace. Turkey has land borders with Bulgaria, Greece, Syria, Iraq, Iran, Armenia and Georgia. Turkey is washed by four seas – the Mediterranean, Aegean, Black and Marble, so a holiday in Turkey is, first of all, a holiday on the coast.
The capital is Ankara.
Religionin Turkey, Islam is considered, which in the 18th century. supplanted Christianity. But largely due to the territorial location of the state, the European culture of life has a huge impact on the mentality of the Turks today. The youth of Turkey actively “absorbs” and accumulates everything new that Europe offers to the world – from fashion trends to lifestyle. In modern Turkey, it is very prestigious to be a specialist in any field. Higher education guarantees a good job. At universities in Turkey, you can get any specialty from a doctor to a philologist. But it cannot be said that modern Turks, trying to look up to Europeans, lose their national flavor or cease to honor traditions. No – respect for the older generation and for the heritage of one’s country remains unchanged. So, for example, every Friday and parents, and their modern children go to the mosque. In Turkey, national and religious holidays are deeply revered: Ramadan is a holy month during which devout Muslims do not eat or drink during the whole daylight hours; Eid al-Adha – the feast of sacrifice, lasts 4 days.
Government Since 1923, Turkey has been a republic. Turkey is the only one of all Muslim countries that has a secular democratic system of government. The country’s chief executive officer is the President, who is elected by the Grand National Assembly every seven years. Mr. Ahmet Necdet Sezer has been the President of Turkey since May 2000. The Grand National Assembly is composed of members of the Turkish Parliament under a proportional system. Elections of the Parliament, which exercises the highest legislative functions, are held every five years.
Today Turkey is not a frontier between East and West, but a bridge between them. The concept of “Turkish Riviera” united the resort area stretching from Tekirov to Mahmutlar with the main centers – Kemer, Antalya, Belek, Side, Alanya. The coast of Turkey is recognized by UNESCO as one of the most environmentally friendly places, so it is ideal for a family vacation. The Turkish coast is one of the most popular holiday destinations among Russian tourists. The secret of the success of such popularity is very simple – a large selection of hotels and a wide range of prices, a favorable climate make it possible to vacation in Turkey almost all year round.
Holidays in Turkey are always bright and unforgettable because of the amazing combination of oriental flavor and western service. Turkey will give you the opportunity to feel the notorious “rhythm of life” – the rhythm of ancient history and the mysterious East, the millennial traditions of hospitality and the latest innovations in the tourism industry and recreation. A rhythm that will set you up for the most serene and exciting vacation – a vacation that you can imagine. Rest in Turkey will leave bright, unforgettable impressions.
The climate on the coasts of Turkey is Mediterranean, in the interior it is continental, with rather cold and snowy winters (snow lies until April). The tourist season lasts from late April to early November. The amazing climate on the coast, golden sandy beaches, picturesque mountains covered with pine relic forests, bright sun and, of course, crystal clear, gentle and warm sea – makes a holiday in Turkey fabulous.
Spring (April to June) and autumn (September to November) are the best seasons to visit Turkey. At this time, on the coast of the Aegean and Mediterranean Seas, as well as in Istanbul, the weather is amazing. At the height of summer, the coastal resorts are hot – maybe you should follow the example of the locals and arrange a siesta in the heat of the day. From late October to early April, the beaches are practically closed. Little precipitation falls from May to October, with the exception of the coast of Eastern Turkey, it is worth visiting from late June to September, as snow can cover roads and gorges in the cold months.
The national composition of the population of Turkey: Turks – 80%, Kurds – 17%, Greeks, Arabs, Armenians.
The official language is Turkish, which belongs to the Turkic group. The modern Turkish language has developed on the basis of the national language of Turkey, Old Turkic and Central Asian Turkic languages with a large number of borrowings from French vocabulary. In 1928, the graphic style of the letters was changed from Arabic to Latin. From foreign languages during your holiday in Turkey, English and German will be useful to you. In the resort areas of Turkey, many hotel employees and sellers can explain themselves quite tolerably in Russian.